That the great scholar, the evidence of Islaam, Aboo Ja’far, the scribe, At-Tahaawee said in Egypt (rahimahullaah):
 – This is a mention of an explanation of the ‘aqeedah (creed and belief) of the ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah upon the way of the jurists of the religion: Aboo Haneefah an- Nu’maan ibn Thaabit al-Koofee, and Aboo Yoosuf Ya’qoob ibn Ibraaheem al-Ansaaree, and Aboo ‘Abdillaah Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ash-Shaybaanee – may Allaah be pleased with them all, and what they held as their creed from the fundamentals of the religion and what they held as religion in obedience to the Lord of the creation.
 – We say, with regard to Tawheed of Allaah, holding as our creed and belief – due to the tawfeeq (guidance to correctness granted by Allaah), that Allaah is One having no partner.
 – And there is nothing like Him.
 – And nothing renders Him incapable.
 – And nothing besides Him has the right to be worshipped.
 – Ancient, without any beginning, remaining forever without any end.
 – He does not perish, nor pass away.
 – Nothing occurs except what He wills.
 – He is not reached by people’s conjecture, nor can He be grasped by their understanding.
 – He does not resemble the creation.
 – Ever-Living, He does not die.
 – The Independent Sustainer of everything, Who does not sleep.
 – Creator without any need, Provider without any difficulty.
 – Giver of death without any fear.
 – The One who resurrects without any exertion.
 – He has always had His Attributes from before His act of creation.
 – He was not increased in anything by their being brought into existence which was not already His Attribute.
 – And just as He has always possessed His Attributes, then likewise He will always possess them forever.
 – He did not acquire the name, ‘Al-Khaaliq’ (The Creator) after the creation of the creation.
 – Nor did He acquire the name ‘Al-Baaree’ (The Originator and Maker) after bringing forth the beings.
 – He possessed the meaning of ‘Ruboobeeyyah’ (Lordship and Nurturing), even when there were no slaves under His Lordship, and the meaning of being the Creator even when there was no creation.
 – And just as He is the One who is the Giver of life to the dead – after He gives them life, then He deserved this name before He gave life to them, likewise, He deserved the name ‘Al- Khaaliq’ (The Creator) before He created and produced them.
 – This is because He has full power and ability over everything.
 – And everything is totally dependent upon Him.
 – And every affair is easy for Him.
 – He has no need of anything.
 – There is nothing like unto Him, and He is As-Samee’ (The All Hearing), Al-Baseer (The All Seeing). [Soorah Ash-Shooraa (42) Aayah 11].
 – He created the creation whilst having full Knowledge (of them).
 – And He decreed fixed limits for them.
 – And He laid down fixed time-spans for them.
 – And nothing was hidden from Him before He created them.
 – And He knew whatever they were going to do, before He created them.
 – And He commanded them to obey Him, and He forbade them from disobeying Him.
 – And everything occurs in accordance with His pre-decree.
 – And His mashee’ah (Will) is enacted, not the will of His servants – except what He Wills for them, so whatever He Willed for them, occurs, and whatever He did not Will for them, does not occur.
 – He guides whoever He Wishes and protects and keeps safe as a fadl (favour) upon them, and He misguides whoever He Wishes, and humiliates and puts to trial from (His) ‘adl (Justice).
 – All of them vary within His Will, between His Fadl (Favour) and His ‘Adl (Justice).
 – And He is Supreme and Exalted – High Above having any opposites or rivals.
 – None can repel His Decree and none can delay His Judgement and none can overcome His Commands.
 – We have Eemaan in all of that, and we are certain that everything comes from Him.
 – And that Muhammad sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam is His chosen slave, His selected Prophet and His Messenger with whom He is pleased.
 – He is the last of the Prophets; the Imaam (leader) of those who have taqwaa (those who are dutiful to Allaah); the chief of the Messengers; and the beloved one of the Lord of the whole of creation.
 – And every claim to Prophethood after him is erroneous and baseless futile desires.
 – He is the one sent to the whole of the jinn and to all of mankind; with the Truth and the Guidance, and with light and radiance.
 – And that the Qur’aan is the Speech of Allaah.
 – It originated from Him as something spoken, without us knowing how; and He sent it down to His Messenger as Revelation.
 – And the believers attest to it as being the truth upon that basis.
 – They have certainty that it is the Speech of Allah, the Most High, in reality.
 – It is not something created such as the speech of mankind.
 – So whoever hears it (Qur’aan), and claims it is the speech of a human, then he has committed unbelief.
 – So Allaah has blamed and criticised such a person and has threatened him with Hellfire. Where He, the Most High, said:
“ … I will burn him in the Hellfire …” [Soorah Al Muddathir (74) Aayah 26].
 – So since Allaah has threatened with Hell those who say “This is nothing but the word of a human being”, then we know and we have full certainty that it is the Speech of the Creator of mankind.
 – And it does not resemble the speech of humans.
 – And whoever describes Allaah with any human characteristics then he has disbelieved.
 – So whoever comprehends this, will take it as a lesson.
 – And will be prevented from the like of the saying of the unbelievers.
 – And he will know that He – with His Attributes is not like mankind.
 – And seeing (Allaah) by the people of Paradise is true, without their encompassing Him and without us knowing how it will be.
 – Just as is stated by the Book of our Lord:
“Some faces on that day will be radiant, looking at their Lord” [Soorah Al Qiyaamah (75) Aayah 22 and 23]
 – And its explanation is as Allaah, the Most High, wanted and knew.
 – And every authentic hadeeth reported from the Messenger (may Allah extol him and his true followers, and grant him perfect peace and security) then it is just as he said.
 – And its meaning is as he intended.
 – We do not enter into that, interpreting it in accordance with our own opinions, nor forming ideas based upon our desires.
 – For no-one will be safe in his Religion except one who submits to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, and to His Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa ‘alaa aalihi wa sallam.
 – And who refers whatever is unclear to him back to one who knows it.
 – And Islaam will not be firmly established except upon the basis of unrestricted submission and surrender.
 – So whoever seeks after that which his knowledge has been prevented from, and who is not satisfied regarding his understanding with submission, then his seeking will block him from pure and sincere Tawheed, and from clear awareness and from correct eemaan.
 – So he will waver between unbelief and eemaan (true faith), and believing and denying, and affirmation and rejection.
 – He will be a person suffering from whisperings, lost, doubting, neither being a true believer upon eemaan, nor an outright rejecter and denier.
 – And Eemaan (true faith) in (ar-Ru’yah) the fact that the people of the Abode of Peace and Security will see Allaah – will not be correct from those of them who takes it to be in accordance with his own mistaken idea, or who misinterprets it with his own understanding.
 – Since the correct interpretation of the seeing, and the correct interpretation of every meaning ascribed to Lordship is to leave interpreting it, and to adhere to submission.
 – And upon this rests the Religion of Islaam.
 – And whoever does not guard himself against negating and against likening the Creator to the creation , then he will slip and go astray and will not attain the correct declaration of Allaah being free of imperfections.
 – Since our Lord – the Majestic and Most High – has the attributes of Unity and Oneness.
 – Having the attributes of Uniqueness, with no one from the creation sharing in the meaning of that.
 – And He is highly Exalted above limits and goals, and having parts and limbs and appendages.
 – He is not contained by the six directions, contrary to all of the living things.
 – The ‘Mi’raaj’ (the Ascent through the Heavens) is true and the Prophet – may Allaah extol him and his followers and grant him peace and security – was taken on the Night-journey (al-Israa)
 – And he was taken bodily, whilst awake, up to the heavens.
 – Then to whatever higher places Allaah wished, and Allaah bestowed honour upon him with whatever He wished.
 And He revealed to him what He revealed to him.
[Meaning: The heart did not lie about what it saw.]
 – So may Allaah extol him and grant him peace and security in the Hereafter and in this life.
 – And the Lake (al-Hawd) with which Allaah, the Most High, will honour him, as a relief from thirst for his ummah, is true.
 – And intercession (ash-Shafaa’ah) which has been stored up for them, is true, as is related in the narrations.
 – And the Covenant (al-Meethaaq) which Allaah – the Most High- took from Aadam and his descendants is true.
 – And Allaah, the Most High, has always known the number of those who will enter paradise, and the number of those who will enter the fire, altogether. So that number will not be increased nor will it be decreased.
 – And the same applies to their deeds; He knew whatever they were going to do.
 – Everyone will have what he was created for made easy for him.
 – And deeds will be in accordance with their conclusions.
 – And the fortunate person is the one who is fortunate by the decree of Allaah, and the wretched person is the one who is wretched by the decree of Allaah.
 – And Pre-Decree (al-Qadr) is fundamentally the secret of Allaah, the Most High, within His creation.
 – Knowledge of it is not acquired by an angel drawn near, nor any Prophet sent.
 – And delving deeply into it and looking into that leads to frustration and disappointment and is a ladder leading to deprivation and is the level of arrogance.
 – So beware of that, beware of looking into it, thinking about it and entertaining whispered ideas about it.
 – Since Allaah, the Most High, has concealed the knowledge of the pre-decree from His creation.
 – And He forbade them from striving to obtain it.
 – Just as He, the Most High, said in His Book:
“He cannot be questioned about what He does, but they will be questioned.” [Soorah Al Anbiyaa (21) Aayah 23].
 – So whoever asks, why did He do such and such? Then he has rejected the judgement of the Book.
 – And whoever rejects the judgement of the Book is one of the unbelievers.
 – So this is in summary what is required by one whose heart is enlightened from the beloved servants of Allaah, the Most High.
 – And it is the level of those firmly grounded in knowledge.
 – Because knowledge (al-‘ilm) is of two kinds: Knowledge which is present within the creation and Knowledge which is absent from the creation.
 – So denying the knowledge which is present is unbelief (kufr) and claiming to have the knowledge which is absent is unbelief.
 – And Eemaan (true faith) is not established except through acceptance of the knowledge which is present and leaving aside seeking the knowledge which is absent.
 – And we have eemaan in the Preserved Tablet and the Pen and in everything that has been inscribed in it.
 – So if the whole of the creation were to gather together regarding something which Allaah, the Most High, had written in it (i.e. in the Preserved Tablet)that it was going to occur, and they tried to stop it from happening, then they would not be able to do that. And if they all gathered together concerning something which Allaah, the Most High, did not write in it (preserved tablet) to try to make it happen, then they would not be able to do that.
 – The Pen has run dry, having written down whatever will occur until the Day of Resurrection. And whatever the servant misses out on, then it was never going to come to him, and whatever befalls him, then it was never going to miss him.
 – And it is upon the servant to know that Allaah had prior knowledge of everything that was going to occur in His creation.
 – So He decreed that, precisely and firmly.
 – There is nothing to cancel it out; and there is no-one from His creation, in His heavens or on His earth, who can rebut it, remove it, change it, reduce it or add to it.
 – And that (i.e. the belief in Qadaa and Qadr) is from the essential fundamentals of eemaan, and the fundamental principals of knowledge and awareness of Allaah
 – And it (i.e. belief in pre-decree) is from the affirmation of the Tawheed of Allaah, the Most High, and His Lordship, just as He, the Most High said in His Book:
“He created everything and gave it a pre-decreed measure.” [Soorah Al Furqaan (25) Aayah 2]
And He, the Most High said:
“And the command of Allaah is a decree determined” [Soorah Al Ahzaab (33) Aayah 38]
 – So woe to one who becomes an adversary (an opponent) to Allaah, the Most High, regarding pre-decree.
 – And who presents a diseased heart to delve into it.
 – In his attempt to uncover the hidden and the unseen, he has attempted to uncover a secret which is secure.
 – And what he has said about it causes him to become a sinful and great liar.
 – And the Throne (al-‘Arsh) and the Footstool (al-Kursee) are true.
 – And He has no need of the Throne, and whatever is beneath it.
 – He (Allaah) encompasses everything and is above it.
 – And He has rendered His creation incapable of encompassing (everything).
 – And we say: That Allaah took Ibraaheem as an especially beloved one (khaleel) and that Allaah spoke directly to Moosaa. Saying that with true faith, and testifying to the truth and with full submission.
 – And we have Eemaan (true faith) in the angels and the Prophets.
 – And in the Books which were sent down upon the Messengers and we bear witness that they were upon the clear truth.
 – And we call those who pray towards our ‘Qiblah’, Muslims and believers.
 – As long as they acknowledge that which the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam came with, and as long as they believe him in whatever he said and informed of.
 – And we do not enter into vain speech concerning Allaah, nor do we dispute regarding Allaah’s religion.
 – And we do not dispute concerning the Qur’aan and we bear witness that it is the Speech of the Lord of the whole of creation.
 – The trustworthy spirit descended with it and he taught it to the chief of the Messengers, Muhammad (may Allaah extol him and grant him peace and security and his true followers).
 – And it is the Speech of Allaah, the Most High, nothing from the speech of the created beings equals it.
 – And we do not say that it is created, and we do not oppose the united body of the Muslims.
 – And we do not declare anyone from the people of the Qiblah to be unbelievers because of a sin – as long as the person does not consider the sin to be lawful.
 – And we do not say ‘when a person has eemaan then it will not be harmed by any sin which he commits.’
 – And we have hope for the doers of good from amongst the believers that He (Allaah) will pardon them and enter them into paradise by His Mercy, but we do not feel certain about their being safe nor do we bear witness of paradise for them.
 – And we seek forgiveness for those that commit sins from them and we fear for them, but we do not cause them to despair.
 – And feeling totally secure and totally despairing – both of these take a person outside the religion of Islaam.
 – And the true path for the people of the Qiblah lies between these two.
 – And the servant does not exit from eemaan except by denying that which entered him into it.
 – And eemaan is to affirm with the tongue and to believe with the heart.
 – And everything which is authentic from the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam from the legislation and the clear explanation is all true.
 – Eemaan is one entity and its people regarding it are the same.
 – And variation in excellence between them is by fear and dutifulness and by opposing desires and by adhering to what has the most right.
 – And all of the believers are awliyaa of (servants loved by) the Most Merciful and those having the most honour with Allaah are the ones who are the most obedient and those who most closely follow the Qur’aan.
 – And Eemaan: it is to truly believe in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day and in Pre-Decree, the good of it and the bad of it. That which is sweet from it and that which is bitter. All that is from Allaah, the Most High.
 – And we are believers in all of that.
 – We do not differentiate between any of His Messengers, and we believe all of them regarding that which they came with.
 – And those guilty of major sins from the Ummah of Muhammad sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam will not remain forever in the fire, if they die as people of Tawheed.
 – Even if they did not repent after meeting Allaah upon awareness as true believers and they are under his Will and Wish and His Judgement. If He wishes, He will forgive them and pardon them by His favour, just as He, the Mighty and Majestic said in His Book:
”And He forgives whatever is less than that (shirk), for whomever He Wishes.” [Soorah An-Nisaa (4) Aayah 48].
And if He wishes, He will punish them in the fire by His Justice.
 – Then He will bring them out of it through His Mercy and through the intercessions of those who will intercede from those who were obedient to Him.
 – Then He will send them to His Paradise.
 – And that is because Allaah, the Most High is the Guardian of those who have awareness of Him, and He does not treat them in the two abodes like those who deny Him: those who fail to receive His Guidance and do not attain His Guardianship.
 – O Allaah, O Guardian of Islaam and its people, make us firm upon Islaam, until we meet You with it.
 – And we hold, praying the prayer behind every righteous and sinful person from the people of the Qiblah and upon whoever dies from them. (Meaning the funeral prayer).
 – And we do not declare anyone from them, that he is going to be in paradise or that he is going to be in the fire.
 – And nor do we accuse them of unbelief, shirk or hypocrisy, as long as nothing from that appears from them.
 – And we leave their hidden secrets to Allaah, the Most High.
 – And we do not hold using the sword against anyone from the Ummah of Muhammad sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam except upon whom it becomes obligatory to use it upon.
 – And we do not hold rebelling against our rulers and those in authority over our affairs.
 – Even if they oppress.
 – And we do not make supplication against them.
 – And we do not take our hand away from obedience to them.
 – And we hold that obedience to them is a part of obedience to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, an obligation as long as they do not command with something sinful.
 – And we make supplication for them that they be rectified and kept safe and secure.
 – And we follow the Sunnah and the jamaa’ah (the united body upon the truth) and we avoid separation and differing and splitting.
 – And we love the people of justice and trustworthiness and we have hatred for the people of injustice and treachery.
 – And we say: ‘Allah knows best’ regarding, things of knowledge of which is unclear to us.
 – And we hold wiping upon the leather socks on journeys or in residence as occurs in the narrations.
 – And the hajj and the Jihaad continue along with those in authority over the Muslims – those (leaders) who are righteous and those who are sinners, until the establishment of the hour, nothing abolishes them nor cancels them.
 – And we have eemaan in the (angels who are) noble scribes, since Allaah has appointed them as guardians over us.
 – And we have eemaan in the Angel of Death, who is entrusted with taking the souls of the people.
 – And in the punishment of the grave for those who are deserving of it; and in Munkar and Nakeer questioning each person in his grave about his Lord, his religion and his Prophet – as occurs in the narrations from Allaah’s Messenger sall Allaahu Alaihi wa sallam and from the companions, may Allaah be pleased with them.
 – And the grave will either be a garden from the gardens of paradise or else a pit from the pits of the hellfire.
 – And we have eemaan in the resurrection, and in the recompensing for the deeds on the Day of Resurrection; and in the presentation of the people; and in the reckoning; and in the reading of the records; and in the reward and the punishment; and in the bridge and in the balance.
 – And paradise and the fire are both created. And they will never finish or pass away.
 – And that Allaah, the Most High created the paradise and the fire before the rest of the creation, and He created inhabitants for both of them.
 – So whoever He Wishes from them, will go to paradise through His Favour, and whoever He Wishes from them will go to the fire, from His Justice.
 – And everyone will act in accordance with what has been decreed for him, and is going towards the destination he was created for.
 – And good and evil are pre-decreed for the servants.
 – And the ability (al-istitaa’atu) which is necessary for an action to be carried out with regard to the like of ‘tawfeeq’ (Allaah’s guiding to it and granting it) which is such that it is not permissible to ascribe it to the created being – then this ability comes along with action.
As for capability from the aspect of health and capacity and power and soundness of limbs, then this is present before the action, and the address in the legislation relates to this, and it is just as He, the Most High said:
“Allaah does not burden a soul except with what it can bear”… [Soorah Al Baqarah Aayah 286]
 – And the actions on the servants are created by Allaah and they are earned by the servants.
 – And Allaah, the Most High, did not burden them except with what they are capable of.
 – And they are only capable of doing what they have been enjoined with.
 – And this is the explanation of ‘Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah’ (There is no change and no power except with Allaah’s aid). We say: there is no manoeuvring for anyone, and no movement for anyone, and no moving away from disobedience to Allaah – except with the aid of Allaah; and there is no power for anyone to establish obedience to Allaah and to remain firm upon it, except by Allaah’s tawfeeq (His granting successful attainment of that).
 – And everything occurs with the Will (Mashee’ah) of Allaah, the Most High, and His Knowledge, and His Ordainment and Pre-Decree.
 – His Will overcomes all wills.
 – And His Pre-Decree overcomes all efforts.
 – He does whatever He wishes and He is never unjust, [He is Pure and free of every evil and tribulation, and He is free and far removed from every deficiency and blemish].
 – He is not to be questioned about what He does, but rather they will be questioned.
 – And there is benefit for those who are dead, in the living making supplication and their giving in charity.
 – And Allaah, the Most High, responds to supplications and fulfils their needs.
 – He owns and has mastery over everything, and nothing owns and has mastery over Him.
 – And there is no independence from Allaah, the Most High, not even for the blink of an eye.
 – And whoever thinks that he can do without Allah, for the blink of an eye, has committed unbelief, and has become from the people of destruction.
 – And Allaah becomes angry and becomes pleased, but not like anyone from the creation.
 – And we love the companions of Allaah’s Messenger may Allah extol him, and grant him perfect peace and security.
 – And we do not go beyond the due limits in love of any one of them.
 – And we do not disown or free ourselves from any one of them.
 – And we hate whoever hates them.
 – And (we hate) whoever mentions them with other than good; and we do not mention them except with good.
 – And love of them is religion, true faith and goodness, and hatred of them is unbelief, hypocrisy and transgression.
 – And we affirm the khilaafah (caliphate), after the Messenger of Allaah sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam firstly for: Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq (radi Allaahu anhu) – affirming his excellence and precedence over the whole of the Ummah; then, for ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radi Allaahu anhu); then for ‘Uthmaan (radi Allaahu anhu), then for ‘Alee ibn Abee Taalib (radi Allaahu anhu), and they are the rightly guided khulafaa (caliphs) and the rightly guided Imaams.
 – And the ten whom Allaah’s Messenger sall Allaahu alaihi wa sallam named, and to whom he gave glad tidings of paradise – we bear witness that they will be in paradise, just as Allaah’s Messenger sall Allaahu alaihi wa sallam bore witness; and his word is the truth; and they are: Aboo Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan, ‘Alee, Talhah, az-Zubayr, Sa’ad, Sa’eed and ‘Abdur- Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf and Aboo ‘Ubaydah ibn al-Jarraah, and he is the eminently trustworthy one of this ummah – may Allaah be pleased with them all.
 – And whoever speaks well of the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, and his wives who were pure and free of having any stain on their honour, and his offspring who were untainted and free of every impurity, then he is free of hypocrisy.
 – And the early scholars from the Salaf (the early predecessors), and the Taabi’een (successors) who came after them: the people upon good and the narrations, and the people of Fiqh and discernment; are not to be mentioned except with fine words; and whoever speaks ill of them then he is not upon the correct path.
 – And we do not declare any of the ‘Awliyaa’ (the beloved and obedient servants of Allaah) to be superior to any of the Prophets – ‘Alaihimussalaam – and we say: a single Prophet is superior to all of the ‘Awliyaa.
 – And we believe in what is reported from their miracles (karaamaat), and in the narrations about them which are authentically related by the reliable narrators.
 – And we have Eemaan in the Signs of the Hour: such as the emergence of the Dajjaal.
 – And the descent of ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam – ‘alaihis-Salaam – from heaven.
 – And we have Eemaan in the rising of the sun from where it sets.
 – And in the emergence of the beast of the earth (Daabbatul-Ard) from its place.
 – And we do not accept as true the saying of a fortune teller (kaahin) or a diviner (‘arraaf).
 – Nor anyone who claims anything which goes against the Book, the Sunnah, and the consensus (ijmaa’) of the Ummah.
 – And we hold that the united body upon the truth (al-Jamaa’ah) is what is true and correct, and that separation is deviation and punishment.
 – And the Religion of Allaah upon the earth and in the heavens is one, and it is the Religion of Islaam.
 – He, the Most High, said: “The Religion with Allaah is Islaam…” [Soorah Aal-‘Imraan (3) Aayah 19]
and He, the Most High, said: “…And I am pleased for you with Islaam as your Religion…” [Soorah Al Maa-idah (5) Aayah 3]
 – And it lies between extremism and falling short.
 – And between ‘tashbeeh’ (likening the creation to the Creator) and ‘ta’teel’ (negating Allaah’s attributes).
 – And between fatalism (al-jabr) and denying Pre-Decree.
 – And between feeling secure and despairing.
 – So this is our Religion and our creed and belief, outwardly and inwardly; and we free ourselves before Allaah of everyone who opposes what we have mentioned and made clear.
 – And we ask Allaah, the Most High, to make us firm upon Eemaan (true Faith) – and to conclude our lives with it.
 – And that He keeps us safe from the variant heretic ideas and the opinions which cause separation.
 – And the corrupt sects.
 – Like the Mushabbihah,
 – And the Mu’tazilah,
 – And the Jahmiyyah and the Jabariyyah.
 – And the Qadariyyah.
 – And from those who go against the Sunnah and the Jamaa’ah and ally themselves with misguidance.
 – And we are free of them, and we hold them to be misguided and corrupt, and preservation and guidance to what is correct is granted by Allaah.
[Taken from http://www.salafipublications.com]
Note: you can listen to lessons by Abu Iyaad Amjad Rafiq on the explanation of Aqeedah Tahawiyyah here: