Continued going through the muqaddimah (introduction) in the book and completed it with statements from Ibn Hajr (rahimahullah) and Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah) – in the preface of the book ar-Radd ‘ala al-Jahmiyyah – mentioned.
Brief biography of Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah).
A summary of the muqaddimah in four points.
A start on the main text including the reasons for authoring the book Tadmuriyyah and a mention of affirmation and negation with regards to Tawheed and as-Sifat, and commands and prohibitions with regards to Shariah and al-Qadr.
A mention of an important principle regarding Allah’s attributes.
Continued going through the muqaddimah (introduction) in the book covering a summarized history of how the Ummah split, what basically happened, and how the various sects appeared and the nature of their innovations.
The importance of learning about this is mentioned in the lesson.
Book is a summarized version of the classical work by Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) where Shaykh Uthaymeen (rahimahullah) has simplified matters by extracting the main essential points made.
Two issues discussed in this book, first half is to do with Allah’s attributes and the second half deals with al-Qadaa wal-Qadr.
The importance of studying these topics and the effects this has.
The muqaddimah (introduction) in the book (roughly half of it covered in this lesson).
To learn more, please listen to the lesson or download here: Lesson 1.mp3
The treatise of Al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi was finished in the last lesson. The treatise provided a nice and concise treatment of Allah’s Names and Attributes, covering many different issues. It was a nice primer for this subject.
To seal everything off, 20 or so principles regarding the attributes will be mentioned, serving as a reminder and also to add a bit more detail to what has already been learned. The first 7 of these principles are mentioned in this lesson with the other principles to be covered in subsequent lessons, inshaa’Allaah.
📢 Eid ul-Adha Prayer 2022 outdoor in Albert park, Middlesbrough on Saturday 9th July @ 7:30am.
All welcome. Bring your own prayer mats. Arrive early.
Exact prayer location and free parking places are shown in the image below. Red highlight is the prayer location (roller skate rink) and yellow highlight is where free parking is available, which is on Park Vale Rd.
Anything which is ambigious in the Qur’an we refer back to the clear and decisive verses as mentioned in the treatise text: “In the Book of Allāh there are clear, decisive verses, the intent behind them is understood by their apparent meanings and there are unclear verses the meanings of which cannot be grasped except by referring them to the clear and decisive (verses)”.
Irrespective of whether you understand the verses or not, you have to make tasdeeq as mentioned in the following passage: “But it is obligatory to accept and believe in all of them and to have faith in them all.”
The same principle is applied to the ahādeeth as mentioned in the following part: “Similarly, the narrations of the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) are carried upon the same principle, they are revealed (just) like this Revelation — the unclear amongst them are referred to the clear and decisive amongst them — but all of them are to be accepted”.
A mention of the hadīths reported about the attributes being of three types as mentioned in the treatise but an additional fourth type can be added with an example hadīth mentioned as evidence.
Discussion of several attributes given as an example.
For further points and more details, please listen to the lesson or download here: Lesson 8.mp3
Brief info about the lecturer: Ustādh Abu Ukkaashah Abdul-Hakim has studied in Jāmi’atul-Imaam, University of Imaam Muhammad bin Sa’ūd in Riyādh. He spent around 10 years in the city benefitting from the ulemaa such as Shaykh Fawzaan, Luhaydaan and others.
Some of the points mentioned:
There’s a tremendous amount of disunity and every single claimant has a claim that he makes and everyone claims to be upon the truth. So a person is left in this quagmire: ‘how do discern what is the truth and what is not?’
Quote from a small section of Ibn al-Qayyim’s work ‘Ilām al-Muwaqi’īn, including mention of ‘Ilmul-Nāfi’ (beneficial knowledge) and ‘Amalus-Sālih (righteous good deeds)
From the greatest sources of unity is to return back to Ahlul-‘Ilm – “Ask the people of knowledge if you do not know” (16:43)
Another way of unity is following the Messenger. That which brings about disunity in the Ummah is opposing the teachings of Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)
Listen to the audio for further points and more details. There’s also Q&A from 01:16:45 to end.
Statement of Al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi regarding one group who denied and rejected the attributes so they nullified what Allaah and His Messenger affirmed and another group who affirmed these attributes in such a way that they entered into something of tashbeeh (resemblance) and takyeef (how attributes are).
We are in the middle, the moderate path, we affirm the meanings of the attributes and we do not have knowledge of the reality of them (how they are). We avoid exaggeration in the religion.
An important principle: Speech about the attributes is a branch of the speech about the essence, as mentioned in the treatise text “And the principle in this matter is: That speaking about the attributes is a branch of speaking about the essence (dhāt) and thus follows it exactly and takes its example”.
Quote from the speech of Shaikh Al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah in at-Tadmuriyyah containing elaboration and an illustration of the method to refute those who reject the attributes of Allaah.
How the example of the soul aids in grasping the issue of Allah’s essence and His attributes.
This is really a simple issue: Because we don’t know what His essence is made of then it’s impossible for us to know how His attributes are (Hearing, Seeing, etc).
All these groups (Ahlul-Kalaam) became misguided because they didn’t understand this simple issue. They began to use philosophy, reason, opinion, and they left the simplicity of the Qur’an and Sunnah. “There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.” [42:11]
Discussion on how to reply to a Jahmi and what probing questions to ask them.
Statement of Al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi establishing Allaah’s essence exists and has a reality but we are unable to define it in words. In the same way, the attributes exist but we cannot define their realities. A mentioned of how this is a refutation of five groups of people.
For further points and more details, please listen to the lesson or download here: Lesson 7.mp3