Some of the matters or points covered:
- Recap of previous lesson including mention of causes and their effects, properties of things, whether inanimate (like a rock) or animate (like a human), and how can we explain evil within Allāh’s creation and can evil be ascribed to Allāh?
- Issue 3: relating to arguments regarding predestination and free-will, can a person be held responsible for his deeds and is it right for a person to use Al-Qadr as an argument to justify his actions?
- Reply to a question that arises: can a person not use the argument of Al-Qadr and say: ‘If there is predestination then can I not use that as an argument to oppose the legislation (commands and prohibitions) of Allāh?’. This is answered from three angles: 1) Qur’ān, 2) Sunnah and 3) Reason/Intellect.
- 1) Qur’ān: two verses provided, first one [6:148] relating to polytheists (Pagans) using Al-Qadr to justify their Shirk and how those before them also used this argument and justification but were punished by Allāh, and second one [4:165] relating to sending of Messengers so mankind can have no plea against Allāh.
- 2) Sunnah: hadith reported in Bukharī and Muslim regarding ones seat in Hellfire or Paradise being already written (because of Allāh’s prior knowledge) and how one should work deeds because a person of Paradise, the deeds of the people of Paradise will be facilitated for him, and a person of Hellfire, the deeds of the people of Hellfire will be facilitated for him.
- 3) Reason/Intellect: two arguments mentioned including a very good, powerful one.
Listen to the lesson/download here:
Lesson 42 (Al-Qadr lesson 7).mp3
Previous lessons available here: https://islamtees.uk/audio/aqeedah/#taqreebtadmuriyyah