Some of the matters or points covered:
- Completion of the discussion of the four levels of Al-Qadr.
- Avoiding two extremes: belief that 1) “Man has no choice in what he does, he is compelled” and 2) “We create our own actions, outside of the will and power of Allāh”.
- Mention of an extreme view that Allāh doesn’t have prior knowledge of events and He only knows a thing happens after it has occurred. This was introduced in the past but didn’t last very long as it’s explicit kufr because of denial of clear texts in the Qur’ān.
- Elaboration regarding position that belief in Al-Qadr doesn’t oppose creational or legislative ways and means (or causes and effects) – there’s no clash.
- The erroneous nature of thinking regarding using Al-Qadr to avoid taking the means. Two illustrative examples mentioned rebutting this false notion – 1) obtaining a child by getting married and having conjugal relations with wife and 2) eating food to remove hunger.
- Elaboration concerning the famous hadīth of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (رضي الله عنه) and the plague in Shām and how scholars have differed over the issue of contagion.
- From the wisdom of Allāh is that He has tied causes to effects. Water for example is a means for many things such as life and quenching of thirst, and so on for other created entities.
- We believe in interconnected systems of causes and effects within Allāh’s creation. Behind these are wisdoms, clear goals and objectives.
- Evidences for 1) creational and 2) legislative causes and effects.
- Allāh ordered us to take the ways and means. Examples provided.
Listen to the lesson/download here:
Lesson 39 (Al-Qadr lesson 4).mp3
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Previous lessons available here: https://islamtees.uk/audio/aqeedah/#taqreebtadmuriyyah