Some of the matters or points covered:
- Man is in need of guiding principles which govern his life, of attaining good and avoiding harm. This can only be by divine legislation. Allāh is the Creator, He knows the beneficial interest of man, what is rectifying or corrupting, good or bad.
- People are divided into two groups regarding Qadr and Sharī’ah together:
1) People of guidance and success who believe in Divine Pre-Decree in accordance to the four levels and also believe in His legislation. They don’t use Qadr as an argument against legislation nor use legislation against His decree, nor do they make it a contradiction between Qadr and legislation.
2) People of misguidance and destruction, who can be split into three groups in this regard:
1) Majūsiyyah – those who resemble Majūs (Magians), believing in legislation but rejecting Qadr. They believe actions of man are outside of the domain of Allāh’s will and power. However, punishment and reward are on the basis of our actions, we have free choice to choose right or wrong path, we aren’t compelled. Two groups of Majūs mentioned.
2) Mushrikiyyah – those who resemble the polytheists, believe in Qadr but use it to justify opposition to the legislation of Allāh. Verse in the Qur’ān mentioned about the Mushriks who used the argument of Qadr to justify committing Shirk.
3) Iblīsiyyah – those who believe in Qadr and Sharī’ah but hold there to be a contradiction between them. This is the statement of Iblīs (Satan) who used a false analogy and argument to justify opposing the command of his Lord when he was commanded to prostrate before Adam (عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ).
Listen to the lesson/download here:
Lesson 45 (Al-Qadr lesson 10).mp3
Previous lessons available here: https://islamtees.uk/audio/aqeedah/#taqreebtadmuriyyah